University of Aberdeen
Ramy Saleem Eisa Abdallah: B.Sc. in Geology, University of Khartoum, Sudan (2007) and M.Sc. in Petroleum Geosciences University College Dublin – UCD (2016). Worked in the Oil and Gas industry as Seismic Interpreter for eight years. Currently, an enthusiastic PhD candidate working on Reducing the uncertainty of subsurface interpretation in fold-thrust models from outcrops to machine learning with the Fold-Thrust Research Group at the School of Geosciences, Department of Geology and Petroleum Geology, the University of Aberdeen, supervised by Professor Rob Butler and Doctor Clare Bond sponsored by NERC Centre of Doctoral Training in Oil & Gas. Scientific interest towards Structural geology, subsurface interpretation/mapping, petroleum geology, data sciences, Python, machine learning (ML) and artificial intelligence (AI).
Machine learning is being presented as a new solution for a wide range of geoscience problems. Primarily machine learning has been used for 3D seismic data interpretation, processing, seismic facies analysis and well log data correlation. The rapid development in technology with open-source artificial intelligence libraries and the accessibility of affordable computer graphics processing units (GPU) makes the application of machine learning in geosciences increasingly tractable. However, the application of artificial intelligence in structural interpretation workflows of subsurface datasets is still ambiguous. This study aims to use machine learning techniques to classify images of folds and fold-thrust structures. Here we show that convolutional neural networks (CNNs) as supervised deep learning techniques provide excellent algorithms to discriminate between geological image datasets. Outcrop images and modelled dataset have been used to train and test the machine learning models. This dataset comprises three classes (buckle, chevron and conjugate) of folds types. These image datasets are used to investigate a wide range of shallow, deep and transfer machine learning models. One Feedforward linear neural network model and two convolutional neural networks models (Convolution 2d layer transforms sequential model and Residual block model (ResNet with 9, 34, and 50 layers)). Validation and testing datasets form a critical part of testing the model’s performance accuracy. The ResNet model records the highest performance accuracy score of the machine learning models tested. Our CNN image classification model analysis provides a framework for applying machine learning to increase structural interpretation efficiency and shows that CNN classification models can be applied effectively to geoscience problems. The study provides a starting point to apply unsupervised machine learning approaches to sub-surface structural interpretation workflows.